The hermaphrodite Adam „… fecit ipsum masculofeminam“

Amiens, Bibliothèque municipale, MS Lescalopier 030, fol. 10v

The biblical book of Genesis famously includes two very different accounts of the creation of humanity. The first, which appears in Genesis 1:27, tells us that God created Adam and Eve simultaneously: “And God created man to his own image, to the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.” In the second, more detailed story, God created Adam from the mud of the earth before shaping Eve from Adam’s rib (Genesis 2:7, 21-5). While modern biblical scholars have identified multiple scribal voices within Genesis, medieval theologians believed it to have only one author, and they tried to resolve any apparent contradictions by subjecting the text to careful exegesis